Research Article| Volume 116, ISSUE 1, P100-102, September 10, 2004

The treatment with a COX-2 specific inhibitor is effective in the management of pain related to endometriosis


      Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of a cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 specific inhibitors versus placebo in the treatment of endometriosis-associated pelvic pain. Study design: A group of women (n=28) with pelvic pain after conservative surgery for symptomatic endometriosis (Stage I and II) were enrolled at the Department of Pediatric, Obstetrics and Reproductive Medicine of University of Siena. A treatment with a COX-2 specific inhibitors (rofecoxib, 25 mg per day) (n=16) or placebo (n=12) was given for 6 months. Pelvic pain quantification with a clinical evaluation, including Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) for pain, was performed before and up to 6 months after treatment. Results: A significant improvement of both pelvic pain and dyspareunia was observed after a 6 months persisting since the end of the treatment (P<0.0001). The efficacy of rofecoxib was higher than placebo and no recurrence occurred, while in the placebo-treatment a 16% (2/12) occurred. No significant side effects have been found with the use of rofecoxib. Conclusions: The use of COX-2 specific inhibitors was effective, safe and low cost therapy in the management of pelvic pain associated to endometriosis and might be also proposed in early stage of endometriosis.


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