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Maternal caffeine intake and its effect on pregnancy outcomes

  • Mirosław Jarosz
    Correspondence
    Corresponding author. Tel.: +48 22 550 96 77; fax: +48 22 842 11 03.
    Affiliations
    Department of Nutrition and Dietetics with Clinic of Metabolic Diseases and Gastroenterology, National Food and Nutrition Institute, Powsińska St. 61/63, 02-903 Warsaw, Poland
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  • Regina Wierzejska
    Affiliations
    Department of Nutrition and Dietetics with Clinic of Metabolic Diseases and Gastroenterology, National Food and Nutrition Institute, Powsińska St. 61/63, 02-903 Warsaw, Poland
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  • Magdalena Siuba
    Affiliations
    Department of Nutrition and Dietetics with Clinic of Metabolic Diseases and Gastroenterology, National Food and Nutrition Institute, Powsińska St. 61/63, 02-903 Warsaw, Poland
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Published:November 28, 2011DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejogrb.2011.11.021

      Abstract

      Objective

      Estimation of the maternal caffeine intake during pregnancy and its influence on pregnancy duration, birthweight and Apgar score of the newborn.

      Study design

      The research was conducted on pregnant women who gave birth at the Clinic of Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Oncology, 2nd Faculty of Medicine, Medical University of Warsaw. It covered unifetal pregnancies without diseases (N = 509). Research data were collected by direct questionnaire supplemented with data from patients’ records. Statistical analysis employed a multivariate logistic regression model and a non-parametric Spearman's rank correlation coefficient.

      Results

      98.4% of pregnant women consume no more than 300 mg of caffeine per day. Pregnant women who smoke and older women consume more caffeine than non-smokers and younger women [β 1.95 (95% CI: 1.02–2.88)] and [β 0.68 (95% CI: 0.05–1.3)] respectively. There is no association between maternal caffeine intake during pregnancy and the risk of premature birth, the birthweight or the Apgar score of newborns.

      Conclusion

      Caffeine intake of no more than 300 mg per day during pregnancy does not affect pregnancy duration and the condition of the newborn.

      Keywords

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