Full length article| Volume 220, P79-83, January 2018

Dutch women’s attitudes towards hysterectomy and uterus preservation in surgical treatment of pelvic organ prolapse

Published:November 20, 2017DOI:



      To investigate Dutch women’s attitudes and preferences towards hysterectomy or uterus preservation in surgical treatment of pelvic organ prolapse.

      Study design

      Women’s attitude was assessed by a structured questionnaire in one university hospital and one non-university teaching hospital in the Netherlands. Between December 2013 and November 2014, 102 women referred with prolapse complaints, without previous prolapse surgery, responded to the questionnaire received by mail prior to gynaecological consultation. Main outcome was the preference for uterus preserving surgery versus hysterectomy. Furthermore we studied the impact of uterus preservation and hysterectomy on body image and sexual function and the importance of treatment success, risk of urinary incontinence after surgery, complication risk, recovery time, length of hospital stay, costs and the risk of developing endometrial cancer.


      Assuming that functional and anatomical outcomes after hysterectomy and uterus preserving surgery were equal, more women expressed preference for uterus preservation (43%, 44 out of 102 women) compared to hysterectomy (27%, 27 out of 102 women). The majority of women expected a similar improvement in sexuality and body image after the two treatment modalities. Treatment success, risk for urinary incontinence after surgery and complication risk were the most important factors. Taken the future risk of endometrial cancer into account, 18% of the women preferred hysterectomy because of this risk.


      This study demonstrated that women referred with prolapse complaints have a preference for uterus preservation in case outcomes after both interventions are expected to be equal. The majority of women expected that body image and sexual function would equally improve after both interventions.


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