Evaluation of placental vascularization indices in monochorionic diamniotic and dichorionic diamniotic twin pregnancies



      We aimed to investigate and compare placental vascularization indices between monochorionic-diamniotic, dichorionic-diamniotic normal twin pregnancies, and normal singular pregnancies. We hypothesized that there is correlation between placental three-dimensional power Doppler vascularization indices and birth weight in case of twin pregnancies, and that normal singular pregnancies have higher placental vascularization indices than normal twin pregnancies.

      Study design

      Placental three-dimensional power Doppler vascularization indices, such as vascularization index, flow index, and vascularization-flow index were measured in monochorionic-diamniotic (N = 15) and dichorionic-diamniotic (N = 36) normal twin pregnancies, and in normal singular (N = 109) pregnancies. Correlations were analyzed between vascularization indices, and birth weight, APGAR score, umbilical pH, umbilical venous bicarbonate, lactate, and base excess.


      Vascularization indices and birth weight were significantly (p < 0.01) higher in normal singular gestations (vascularization index = 10.36, flow index = 46.08, vascularization-flow index = 4.08, average birth weight = 3377 g at 38.2 weeks average gestational age) compared to monochorionic-diamniotic and dichorionic-diamniotic normal twin pregnancies. No significant differences were found in vascularization indices between monochorionic-diamniotic and dichorionic-diamniotic normal twins. There were no significant differences in APGAR score, umbilical pH, umbilical venous bicarbonate, lactate, and base excess between groups examined (p < 0.01). We found strong linear correlations between placental vascularization indices and birth weight in both twin groups.


      Placental three-dimensional power Doppler vascularization indices seem appropriate for predicting birth weight in monochorionic-diamniotic and dichorionic-diamniotic normal twin pregnancies. Our pilot study revealed reference values for vascularization indices in case of twin pregnancies examined.


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