The relationship between pelvic organ prolapse (POP) treatment and subjective pelvic-floor related quality of life (QoL) was examined.
130 postmenopausal women with symptomatic POP were included: 45 % (59/130) were treated conservatively with pessary and 55 % (71/130) underwent pelvic floor surgery. All participants answered the validated German pelvic floor questionnaire at the time of baseline examination, as well as three months later.
Our results demonstrated a significant improvement regarding mean score in the domains “prolapse” (p = 0.001) and “sexual function” (p = 0.001) three months after prolapse surgery, whereas in the pessary group only the score in the “prolapse” domain improved (p < 0.001). When comparing the two treatment arms after three months, patients reported a significant advancement regarding their “sexual function” domain in the surgery group (p < 0.0001). Furthermore, univariate analysis revealed a significant positive correlation between “prolapse” domain score (correlation coefficient = 0.0001) as well as “bladder” domain score (correlation coefficient <0.001) and POP-Q stage. Additionally, a significant negative correlation between “sexual function” domain score and POP-Q stage was found (correlation coefficient = 0.0001).
Our results revealed that three months after prolapse surgery, pelvic-floor related QoL showed significant improvement in the domain “sexual function” compared to three months pessary treatment. Besides, advanced prolapse stage correlated with higher symptom burden and worse sexual function.
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Published online: February 23, 2021
Accepted: February 18, 2021
Received in revised form: January 29, 2021
Received: September 16, 2020
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