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Impact of lymph node staging in presumed early-stage ovarian carcinoma

Published:September 06, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejogrb.2022.08.027

      Highlights

      • Presumed early-stage ovarian carcinoma had lymph node involvement in 8.4% of cases.
      • Histology and grade rather than lymph node status determined the indication of adjuvant chemotherapy.
      • High grade histology was the only variable that negatively impacted disease-free survival in univariate analysis.

      Abstract

      Objective

      Our objective was to analyze the prevalence of lymph node metastasis in early-stage ovarian carcinoma after systematic lymph node dissection and its impact on indication of adjuvant chemotherapy.

      Study design

      We evaluated a series of 765 patients diagnosed with ovarian carcinoma who underwent surgical treatment from February 2007 to December 2019. Patients with peritoneal disease and incomplete surgical staging were excluded. All cases underwent systematic pelvic and para-aortic lymphadenectomy up to the renal vessels.

      Results

      A total of 142 cases were analyzed. Median pelvic and para-aortic lymph node dissected were 30 (range, 6–81) and 21 (range, 3–86), respectively. Twelve (8.4%) patients had metastatic lymph nodes – high-grade serous, 10.4% (5/48); clear cell, 17.2% (5/29) and endometrioid, 5.7% (2/35). Any other histology (low grade serous, mucinous, carcinosarcoma or mixed) had lymph node metastasis. Notably, 50% of patients with positive lymph nodes had preoperative suspicious lymph nodes in imaging. The median hospital stay length was 6 days (range, 2–33) and 4.2% cases had grade ≥ 3 complications. A total of 110 (77.6%) patients underwent adjuvant chemotherapy and all cases had indication of adjuvant chemotherapy after histological type, despite the lymph node status. After a median follow-up of 52.5 months, we noted 24 (16.9%) recurrences. The 5-year recurrence-free survival and overall survival were 86.4% and 98.1%, respectively. High grade histology was the only variable that negatively impacted disease-free survival in univariate analysis [HR 4.70 (95%CI: 1.09–20); p = 0.037].

      Conclusions

      We found a positive lymph node rate of less than 10% after lymphadenectomy in presumed early-stage ovarian carcinoma. Lymph node status was not determinant for adjuvant chemotherapy.

      Keywords

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