The effect of androgen administration on in vitro fertilization outcome in poor responders undergoing ovarian stimulation with microdose protocol: A randomized clinical trial

Published:September 29, 2022DOI:



      Patients with poor ovarian response who have reduced ovarian reserve sometimes despite the maximum dose of gonadotropins do not respond properly. Androgens have been shown to play an important role in the early follicular development and proliferation of granulosa cells. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of androgen administration on IVF outcome in poor responders.

      Study Design

      In this randomized clinical trial, 60 poor responder women candidate for controlled ovarian stimulation were randomly enrolled in two groups (n = 30/each). In the intervention group testosterone gel added to the interrupted microdose flare protocol. The control group received the conventional microdose flare protocol.


      The main outcome was clinical and chemical pregnancy; and the second outcomes were the number of mature oocytes, duration of cycle and total dose of gonadotropins. Basic clinical and demographic features were comparable between the groups. The total gonadotropin consumption were significantly higher in the control group than the intervention group (p = 0.047). In addition, the number of MII oocytes was higher (but not significant) in the intervention group than the control group (p = 0.16). The mean total duration of the cycle was equal in both groups. There were no significant differences in chemical and clinical pregnancy rates between the two groups (p = 0.41, p = 0.67).


      The results of the current study showed that androgen administration in poor responders in in vitro fertilization reduces the total dose of gonadotropin, but it does not improve the pregnancy outcomes.


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