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Simulation training for urgent postnatal fetal tracheal balloon removal: Two learning methods

Published:December 27, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejogrb.2022.12.027

      Abstract

      Objective

      In fetuses with severe congenital diaphragmatic hernia, fetal endoluminal tracheal occlusion (FETO) with balloon increases survival and reduces morbidity. Balloon removal is often scheduled electively. In urgent cases, in-utero removal is impossible and removal immediately after delivery has to occur, posing risk of death from airway obstruction. Medical staff need training in urgent removal. Ideal training method is unclear; thus, we compared the performance of two groups trained by different methods.

      Methods

      24 medical students were randomly assigned to two different learning methods for removal: Group 1 (in-person lecture) and Group 2 (online video). Both methods presented the same information: endoscopic instrument set-up, anatomical landmarks for intubation, and balloon removal. All participants were evaluated using the same instruments and high-fidelity simulator, comparing time for instrument set-up and simulate balloon removal (including removal attempts).

      Results

      Group 1 took significantly less time for instrument set-up compared to Group 2 [62 (30–92) secs vs 81 (57–108) secs; p < 0.01)]; no difference in time to intubate and locate the balloon [75 (50–173) secs vs 92 (32–232) secs; p 0.42], or number of attempts.

      Conclusion

      There was no difference between video training and in-person training with regards to the time taken to locate the FETO balloon in the trachea and to simulate its removal.

      Keywords

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